Trissur District was formed on 1st July 1949.Trissur,Chavakkad,Mukundapuram,Kodungallur and Thalappally are the thaluks.Chalakkudi puzha,Karuvannur puzha and Kacheripuzha drains this district.
Trissur is raised to as a city corporation recently..The real name of the place is 'Thrisivaperoor' which got shortened as 'Trissur'.The place name has connection with the famous Siva temple "Vadakkumnatha Temple' which is situated in the heart of the city.The meaning of Trissur is' Place of Lord Siva'.Vadakkumnatha Temple is one of the famous Siva temples in Kerala.
Trissur is referred as the cultural capital of Kerala because of the presence of 'Kerala Kalamandalam, and also it is the venue of Trissur Pooram,Aarattupuzha pooram etc.
The city of Trissur developed around Vadakkumnatha Siva temple.The architect of Trissur city was 'Sakthan Thampuran'
who was the ruler of Cochin Kingdom(1790-1805).(His palace is in Trissur city which is converted to a heritage museum now)His original name was 'Rama Varma' but popularly known as 'Sakthan Thampuran' since he was very powerful and a mighty ruler.There are some stories which reveals his character.
On both sides of the Vadakkumnatha temple was covered with trees,weeds,shrubs and turned out to be a forest like area.It was believed that those trees were sacred and not allowed to cut down.When Sakthan Thampuran was sworn in as the ruler he understood that those mini forests should be cleared for the development of the area.Moreover it was the dwelling place of some robbers,foxes and jackals.It is said that King's mother was also against the idea of cutting the trees since she feared it would bring illfates.King did not believe such superstitions and made clear all those area.It helped people to travel fearlessly, and the area developed.As it was believed by the people for centuries that it was sinful to cut down the trees, nothing wrong happened to anybody.Next story is that one day an astrologer who was claimed to be an expert to predict the death time of any person arrived in the King's court.He thought that by predicting the death date and time of Sakthan Thampuran he would get a big reward.The King demanded to predict his death time and so the astrologer after some calculation predicted that Sakthan Thampuran would die on - day and at - time.The King seemed not happy even though the predicted date was several years ahead. The King then asked the astrologer to calculate and predict the death time of the astrologer himself.So he calculated his own death date and time and predicted.According to that date astrologer would also die several years later.The King replied to the astrologer "So you says that you will live for several more years.But I am telling you that you are going to die now" saying this he drew his sword and cut off the head of the astrologer in front of the court members.Everybody was astonished about the King's cruelty of killing that innocent man..Sakthan Thampuran explained to the court members that he did not want to cultivate superstitions in his country.,If the astrologer could calculate correctly the death date and time he would not have entered the King's court on that day for spreading superstitions was the King's explanation.
' Trissur Pooram' which has earned worldwide fame was started by 'Sakthan Thampuran in the year 1798.Before that 'Aarattupuzha Pooram' which is still celebrated 12kms away from Trissur city at Arattupuzha was the main pooram festival of Kerala.But Trissur Pooram festival has earned much importance than any other pooram festivals.Thrissur Pooram is celebrated every year in the month of Medam(mid April-mid May).The venue of the pooram festival is on the grounds of Vadakkumnatha temple which is known as 'Thekkumkadu Maithanam'.Many temple deities from the near by areas are brought there as processions on decorated elephants.They will be grouped under Paramekkavu Bhagavathy Devaswom and Thiruvambady devaswom and the decorated elephants which will be 15 on either sides stand face to face.The elephants adorned with golden nettipattom(Headdress) and other accessories like aalavattam venchamaram and parasols(colourful umbrellas) creates wonderful pageantry.Panchavadyam (Drums and other hereditary musical instruments) will be played.Meanwhile different types of colourful umbrellas will be raised on the elephants as a competition by both the groups.They will change those umbrellas frquently which is known as Kudamattam.Many of these display are done during the day time and at night also.Spectacular fireworks will be there afterwards.The role of Lord Siva (Vadakkumnathan) is as a spectator in this event.There will be a large gathering of people from several parts of India and abroad to witness the Pooram festival.This year's Trissur Pooram festival is on 12th May 2011.
Mammiyoor Siva temple which is nearby is a famous temple.
In Trissur, 2km from the city there is a zoo and museum.Different species of animals can be watched at the zoo.
Peechi dam is another tourist attraction which is 23km from the city.There is a beautiful garden adjacent to it.
There is a waterfall known as Athirappally waterfalls 32kms away from Chalakkudi which is a major attraction.5km from there another water fall by the name 'Vazhachal' exists.
35kms away from Trissur city there is 'Chimmini wild life sanctuary' where dense forest exists which is the dwelling place of Elephants,Tigers,Leopard,Bison, Deer etc.
Choolannur is a place in Trissur district where Peacocks can be seen in plenty.
Chavakkad beach and Nattika beach are very beautiful.Chavakkad beach is the place where the sea confluences with a river.
Lourdes Church is one of the largest churches in Kerala.There is an underground shrine here which is admired as a masterpiece of architectural design.
Puthen Pally(Baslica ).This Church is the biggest and tallest church in Asia.This is situated in Trissur city.It is 25000sq.ft in area.The ceiling is painted with marvelous mural paintings of the holy Trinity.
Cheraman Juma Masjid is very famous which is the oldest mosque in India.This is situated near Kodungallor.The design of this mosque resembles Kerala temple.
Kodungallor is famous for the most important' Bhadrakali.' temple of kerala.This is known as 'Srikurumba Bhagavathy temple'.Kodungallor was an ancient sea port which was the biggest port in Kerala at that time..The port was destroyed by a flood in 1341A.D.
Koodalmanikya temple which is dedicated to Lord Bharatha(Sri Rama's brother) is an important temple and very beautiful.
Trippayar Srirama Temple is one of the most famous Sri Rama temple in India.Another two temples exists for Sri Rama's brothers Lakshmana and Satrugna at Moozhikkulam and Payammal respectively.Visiting the four temples of Sri Rama and his three brothers on a single day which is known as' Nalambala Darsanam' is considered sacred by the Hindus and performed in the month of Karkidakom(July-August) every year.
Cheru thuruthy Kalamandalam is an institution which give training to several art forms of Kerala is in Trissur district.This was established by famous Poet Vallathol Narayana Menon.
Kathakali,NangiarKoothu,Koodiyattam,Ottanthullal,all types of dances including Bharathanatyam,Mohiniyattam, Kuchippudi etc and Panchavadyam are taught here with extreme perfection.The students who come out from this institute after several years of training will be experts in that art form.Now this Institute is Kalamandalam Deemed University for Arts and Culture.Students along with the sophisticated training in the respective field can obtain BA,M.A Degrees and very talented students can do research and get M.Phil and Ph.D Degrees too in their art form of interest.
Thrissur city witness another spectacular event every year.This is during the Onam festival.People from nearby places come to Trissur city on that day with 'Tiger' makeup by painting their body with yellow colour and black stripes resembling a tiger and putting masks of tiger.Each and every corner of the city will be occupied with tigers of many varieties and they dance to the tune of drums and musical instruments. This is known as Puli Kali Later in the afternoon all the tigers gather together and conducts a colourful procession
The celebrities of this district includes Former Chief Minister and writer C.Achutha Menon,Former Minister and writer Mundassery Master,Kodungallor Kunjikuttan Thampuran,Kovilan,Kunjunni Mash,Dr.Mrs.Leelavathy,Madmpu Kunjikuttan etc
From the film field celebrities are Bhavana,Bahadur,Bharathan,Gopika,Innocent,Jotsna,Kalabhavan Mani,Lal Jose,Lohitha Das,Mala Aravindan,Jhonson,Sathyan Anthikkad,Samyuktha Varma,Unni Menon,Vani Viswanath,Sheela,Oduvil Unnikrishnan,Ouseppachan,T.G.Ravi,Philomina,Biju Menon etc.