advanced district in Kerala.Thiruvananthapuram,Kochi and Kozhikkod were the capital of Princely states
Travancore,Cochin and Malabar and these places were famous from very ancient times.These thickly populated places after the Indian Independence and Kerala State formation developed further as modern cities but still
preserves the old natural beauty.Palaces and other monuments which reveals the architectural talent of our ancestors are still intact and well maintained.Ernakulam district is commercially very important and earns the highest revenue than all other districts in Kerala.The place Ernakulam and suburbs developed in to an Industrial area and trading center because of Kochi Sea Port.Kochi is well known as a sea port from very ancient times.
Kochi is famous as the 'Queen of Arabian Sea'.It is a natural port formed by opening of the estuaries by a great flood in 1341A.D.There was port at Kodungalloor also and Kerala ports had trade relation with Arab countries,China etc.The Chinese fishing nets at Fort Kochi denotes the trade relation between Cochin and China.
The name Ernakulam means 'Abode of Lord Siva'.There is a famous and old Siva temple at Ernakulam.Moreover the worship of Lord Siva at Aluva is especially important for 'Sivarathri Festival'.Sivarathri is an important festival of Hindus celebrated all over India.Rather than a celebration the people will be engaged in Siva temple visits and spending the time in prayers..Hindus are not supposed to sleep on Sivarathri day but they should spend the night at temple or at home praying God.There will be huge gathering of thousands of people from all parts of Kerala at Aluva on that day.It is believed that the reverence done for the Deity at Aluva and the oblations done for our ancestors on Periyar river banks at Aluva removes our sins.This year's Sivarathri day is on March 2 , 2011.
Ernakulam district comprises of Taluks Kochi,Aluva,Paravur,Kothamangalam,Kunnathunadu,Kanayannur,and Moovattupuzha.Kerala's second largest river Periyar flows through all these Taluks except Moovattupuzha.Rivers moovattupuzha and Thodupuzhayar also flows through this district.
Kochi port was deepened by dredger in 1926 and the 'Willington island' was formed by depositing the removed sand,soil and mud from there.At present Willington island is having Airport,Government Offices,Southern Naval Command Offices,Railway terminal,Star Hotels etc etc.Ernakulam district is having the highest number of islands in Kerala.Willington,Vypin,Vallarpadam,Kumbalam,Ramanthuruthu,Chendamangalam etc are examples and these thickly populated places are all beautiful tourist spots also.The scenic beauty of sea,backwaters, lakes and the hectic City makes Ernakulam a lovely place for all tourists.The view of the sailing ships and boats as well as the Harbour from Marine Drive is a splendid sight.
The ship building yard at Kochi is an important ship building yard in India.The Vallarpadam container terminal will further boost the development of this area and also the upcoming 'Smart City I.T. Project'.
At Udyogamandal, a place in Paravur Taluk, there are industries like Indian rare earths,.F.A.C.T.,Travancore Kochi Chemicals etc and at Kalamassery there are factories like Appollo tyres,Premier tyres, H.M.T, etc.
Vypin island is very beautiful and visited by tourists and there is a light house also..
Veegaland, which is a water theme park in the private sector where there are so many water rides available is loved by young and old. .In the Roman Catholic Church 'Santa Cruz Basillica' built in 1503 there are ancient mural paintings.
The Poornathrayeesa temple at Thripponithura is an ancient temple of Lord Maha Vishnu.
The palace of 'Paliath Achan' the famous Diwan of Kochi is at Chendamangalam and this beautiful monument have a collection of historic items.Bolgatty palace is also visited by tourists.This palace was made by the Dutch in 1749 A.D.There is a golf course near to it.Mattancheri palace is where art gallery is functioning.This historical monument was made by the Portuguese but later the Dutch captured it and made additions to it.
Malayattoor Church which is 47 kms from Kochi is sacred because of St.Thomas.The trekking of the hill there is performed by devotees every year as a sacred event.At Edappally there is Kerala Historical Museum.All the historical events of Kerala can be understood by a visit here.
For Onam festival, ten days prior to to the main festival day 'Thiruvonam' a splendid procession is held at Trippunithura and people from other parts of Kerala go there to witness it.This is known as 'Athachamayam'.
Mangala Bird sanctuary is situated near Ernakulam town at a place known as' Mangala Vanam' which is an island where many species of birds can be seen.Thattekkad is another bird sanctuary which is the first bird sanctuary in Kerala and this beautiful place is worth to visit.
At Kalady near Malayattur there is a monument in memory of 'Jagad Guru Adi Sankaracharya'.There are two shrines there one for Dakshinamoorthy and other for Goddess Sarada.
The famous Chottanikkara Temple is only 8kms from Ernakulam.
Kanjiramattom Mosque which is built on the mortal remains of a Saint Sheikh Parid is visited by devotees in large numbes..It is believed that Baver prayed here and attained salvation.
At Edappally there is an ancient Christian Church which has much importance.
Eminent Personalities of this district includes Saint Shankaracharya,
Njan Peedh Holder G.Shankara Kurup(Poet),Poet Changapuzha,
The very famous singer K.J.Jesudas,Film Actors-Jayaram,Dilip,Jayasoorya,Lalu Alex,Cochin Haneefa,Sankaradi,and
Cricketer Sreesanth is also from this district.